Image Description


The World Health Organization (WHO) has defined health as ‘a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.’

In recent years, the focus of developed and developing countries has shifted towards addressing women’s health issues. The MDGs, signed by 189 states, showed a global commitment to improving maternal health, reducing child mortality and empowering women as a whole. The decision to adopt gender sensitive health policies and budgets leads to a need for high-quality, regular and disaggregated data. For this purpose, gendered targets or benchmarks are identified which require the development of specific outcome measures or indicators.

The indicators taken in this thematic area include but are not limited to infant and maternal mortality, fertility rate and availability and use of health services. These indicators measure the effectiveness of the government’s efforts to improve women’s health in the Punjab and reveal disparity in the provision of health services to support policy change.